The picture above, and text below, is from the New York Times of December 27, 1979.
Here is a link to the archieved story.
Afghan President Is Ousted and Executed in Kabul Coup, Reportedly With Soviet Help
An Exile Takes Over
Ex-Deputy Premier Karmal Becomes Third Leader Under Marxist Rule
By BERNARD GWERTZMAN
Special to The New York Times
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No Snow, No Profit in the East
Basis of Moslem Fervor Seen as Rejection of Alien Values
ashington, Dec. 27--President Hafizullah
Amin of Afghanistan was ousted from power and executed today in a coup reportedly supported by Soviet troops.
The Afghan radio announced in a broadcast monitored here that Mr. Amin had been sentenced to death at a revolutionary trial
for "crimes against the state" and that the sentence had been carried out.
The broadcast said that Babrak Karmal, a former Deputy Prime Minister who had been living in exile in Eastern Europe, was
the new President and Secretary General of the ruling People's Democratic Party.
Mr. Amin was the third Afghan President to be toppled in the last 20 months. All three were slain.
The Afghan broadcast was the first authoritative word received in Washington that tended to confirm earlier reports from
Teheran and Moscow about the political change in Kabul.
Soviet Said to Favor Karmal
On the surface, the switch seemed to replace one pro-Soviet figure with another. But intelligence analysts said that Mr.
Karmal has long been regarded as more to Moscow's liking than Mr. Amin, who seized power only three months ago.
Earlier, State Department officials said that they received accounts, shortly before noon Washington time, from persons
in Kabul that heavy fighting had broken out in the Afghan capital.
The witnesses said that Soviet troops, part of a contingent of more than 6,000 flown to Afghanistan in recent days, had
led an assault on the Afghanistan broadcasting center.
Moreover, Soviet combat troops were observed in armored personnel vehicles taken part in battles elsewhere in the capital.
One report said there was fighting near the Presidential Palace and that Soviet troops had been seen capturing some Afghans.
Senior Administration officials said the best guess seemed to be that the Soviet Union, which has invested considerable
military and economic assistance in Afghanistan, particularly since the takeover in April 1978 by a Marxist Government led
by the late Noor Mohammad Taraki, was seeking a more compliant leader to calm the insurgents active in most of the country.
The Soviet Union, with a large Moslem population in Central Asia near or bordering on Afghanistan, has long been concerned
about signs of instability in that remote mountainous country, which through the centuries served as a buffer between Russia
and the Subcontinent.
United States officials had no official comment, but they said in private that the Russians were probably under extreme
pressure to try to end the insurgency in Afghanistan.
President Carter is to discuss the situation in Afghanistan and Iran tomorrow at a National Security Council meeting, which
was scheduled before the coup.
The overthrown President, who had been denounced by Afghan insurgents as a symbol of oppression, assumed the Presidency
three months ago after a gun battle in the Presidential Palace in which President Taraki was mortally wounded.
Mr. Taraki represented Afghanistan at the recent meeting in Havana of the nations calling themselves nonaligned. On his
way home he stopped off in Moscow where he was warmly embraced by Leonid I. Brezhnev, the Soviet leader.
Because of the Brezhnev reception of Mr. Taraki, intelligence analysts here believed that the Soviet Union was unhappy
over Mr. Amin's seizure of power.
Butt if Moscow had doubts about Mr. Amin, it did not reveal them publicly. There were reports in recent weeks, intelligence
officials said, that the Russians were cool to Mr. Amin and were looking for someone able to end the civil war.
Leader of Communist Wing
In the last few weeks, the Russians began to increase their military forces in Afghanistan and along the Afghan border.
In the last two days, officials said, more than 200 military transports landed at the Kabul airport with troops and supplies,
. In addition, five Soviet divisions have reportedly been deployed along the border with Afghanistan.
Mr. Karmal was the leader of the Parcham branch of the People's Democratic Party, which was behind the overthrow of President
Mohammad Daud in April 1978.
But Mr. Karmal's group lost power to the wing headed by Mr. Taraki and Mr. Amin. Both groups were pro-Communist, although
Mr. Karmal's wing was regarded as more orthodox and willing to accept Soviet leadership.
Mr. Karmal, during his stay in Czechoslovakia, was reportedly summoned home to face charges of plotting a coup but he stayed
on in Eastern Europe, according to State Department officials.
His assumption of power was the first indication to American officials that he had returned to Afghanistan.
There was no question in Washington that the Soviet Union strongly favored Mr. Karmal's assumption of power.
The Soviet press agency Tass gave favorable attention to Mr. Karmal's statement: "Today is the breaking of the machine
of torture of Amin and his henchmen, wild butchers, usurpers and murderers of tens of thousands of our countrymen, fathers,
mothers, brothers, sisters, sons and daughters, children and old people."
According to Tass, Mr. Karmal said that Mr. Amin and "his stooges" were all "agents of American imperialism."
The presumption of some officials tonight was that Tass would only have issued the Karmal statement if it had certain word
from Kabul that Mr. Amin had been toppled.
Rebels Are Anti-Communist
The Soviet Union has seemed deeply troubled by the inability of either the Taraki or Amin governments to put down the rebellions
in Afghanistan, which have been largely tribal but also militantly anti-Communist.
Not only have the Russians supplied the Kabul authorities with military equipment and advisers but they have also sent
more than 6,000 combat troops to augment the nearly 4,000 military advisers.
This was the first time that organized troop units were sent outside the Soviet bloc or Cuba since World War II, and the
move underscored Moscow's concern.
Afghanistan, which borders on Soviet Turkmenia, has always had close ties to the Soviet Union. But until recently the Russians
seemed content to let the Afghans follow an ostensibly neutral policy.